Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment
What is Typhoid Fever? Typhoid fever, drinking dirty water and dirty food infections and infectious diseases that are mikrobik. With a structure similar to the club in general epidemics like typhoid germs in the summer and autumn months are seen. Typhoid heart, brain, kidney and lung and liver, eye and ear is an illness affecting the nervous, and therefore action is infected should be treated well.
Typhoid Fever Symptoms: Illness, typhoid germs into the body that occurs approximately 7-15 days later. Fatigue and headaches in the first days of illness are seen. But the patient does not feel the need to sleep. A few days after the fever begins to rise slowly. Loss of appetite, headache, nose bleeding, bronchitis, stomach and bowel disorders with diarrhea is seen. Following the emergence of the first symptoms within a few days more will rise fire. In the stomach and back in your chest like a flea bite, the red spots will appear. This day falls in blood pressure, heart rate also slows. In the third week of the illness becomes tense and swollen bellies will. The stool is soft, intestinal bleeding can be seen to. Inflamed tonsils, the patient has been weakened. Since the end of the third week, a fire starts to decline and other symptoms disappeared.
How is typhoid infection? These germs are called typhoid bacillus, mostly in the faeces or urine of patients with typhoid, blood in saliva or in the body is found in the skin rash. Typhoid epidemic, the sewer water mixed with sewage water or food will cause the germs. Summer and autumn months is seen in more than epidemic.
Typhoid Fever Diagnosis: Diagnosis is made by any blood, bone marrow or stool cultures and with the Widal test (demonstration of salmonella antibodies against antigens O-somatic and H-flagellar). In epidemics and less wealthy countries, after excluding malaria, dysentery or pneumonia, a therapeutic trial time with chloramphenicol is generally undertaken while awaiting the results of Widal test and blood cultures.
Typhoid Fever Treatment: The patient milk, yogurt, buttermilk, compote, fruit juices, lemonade, orange juice, egg yolk, egg soups, two times been drawn loaf made from the mashed vegetables and fruits, such as protein, vitamins and carbohydrate-rich foods is given. And also drink plenty of water, antibiotic treatment can be applied.
Protection from typhoid Diseases: Drinking and use of water control, food hygiene, hygiene conditions of the sewer and drainage facilities are available to protect the most important are the ways. Typhoid vaccine at a rate of 51-67% is not the exact preventive provides protection. Therefore it may be useful to have typhoid vaccine.