Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment
What is Rabies? Rabies is very serious and deadly, infectiousa virus disease. Coyote, wolf, fox, hyena, bear, wild mammals such as bat and dog, cat, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, cows, donkeys and animals such as domesticated mammals infected animals can be seen in the people.
How is rabies infection? As the basis of rabies germs are spread through saliva-saliva. Therefore, rabies, bites of disease carrying animals to lick the paw of the cat or dog to scratch, a person to lie in the open wound by the animal, etc.. ways people are infected.
The virus entered the body at the location is first placed on the muscle cells. Brain through the nerves here reaches. New target of virus replication in the brain by placing the eye, salivary glands, and skin are organs like.
The virus enters the body with the disease in the period between the emergence of "incubation period" is called. The distance to the bite of this period varies according to the brain and may be 2-3 days or may take a few years. The brain is closer to the head, neck regions, such as in patients with diseases that are biting, too much gold in a short time the patient takes effect. Pass the virus incubation period is not possible now to stop and the result is death for the patient. Therefore, treatment should not be late.
Rabies Symptoms: The first symptoms of disease to humans as loss of appetite, fatigue, fever can be seen. Redness and pain are seen in the bitten area. Will continue to itch even after the wound is closed. Symptoms of the disease is increasingly intensified: unrest, hydrophobia, extreme sensitivity to light and sound, aggression starts. Then you will see the stroke. Sometimes patients will lose their lives not complete these steps.
Rabies Causes: Cause of rabies is a virus. The rabies virus makes its way to the brain by following the peripheral nerves. The incubation period of the disease depends on how far the virus must travel to reach the central nervous system, usually taking a few months. Once the infection reaches the central nervous system and symptoms begin to show, the untreated infection is usually fatal within days.
Rabies Diagnosis: The reference method for diagnosing rabies is by performing PCR or viral culture on brain samples taken after death. The diagnosis can also be reliably made from skin samples taken before death. It is also possible to make the diagnosis from saliva, urine and cerebrospinal fluid samples, but this is not as sensitive. Inclusion bodies called Negri bodies are 100% diagnostic for rabies infection, but found only in 20% of cases.
Rabies Treatment: the person bitten by an animal with rabies is the bite location should be washed immediately with plenty of water with soap or detergent. This process does not kill germs rabies germs away many of the Creator. After thoroughly washing the wound, such as tincture of iodine and around the wound should be cleaned with antiseptic drugs. Simple actions like this are very shallow surface scratches and wounds, especially the 90% reduces the risk.
To the nearest health institution is the person bitten should be taken immediately. The most important issues in rabies treatment is not to be late.
For the treatment of the disease, rabies vaccine are made in 0., 3rd, 7th, 14th, and 28th days 5 doses. Patients were brought to health institutions without delay and immediately begin treatment is the treatment rate is 100% give a positive result.
Bite is a domesticated animal, animals, and 10 days of the catch must be kept under observation. The end of 10 days or any findings of animal rabies is the germ does not appear to move.